The National Council for Population and Development (NCPD) has in its annual calendar, the launches of The State of the World and The State of Kenya Population Reports. They are always done together with the support of the United Nations Population Fund, UNFPA. This year’s launch was for The State of the World Report 2018 and The State of Kenya Population Report 2017 and it was done on Friday 14th December 2018 at the Laico Regency Hotel.
The Chief guest was Nelson Gaichuhie, the Chief Administrative Secretary (CAS) in The National Treasury and Planning(TNTP). Other guests included the Economic Planning Secretary(EPS), CEO-NEPAD, Representative of Director General-Basic Education, UNFPA Deputy Representative, Kenya Country Office. The Launch attracted population stakeholders from diverse sectors such as universities, Ministries Departments and Agencies, Development Partners, Civil Society Organizations/NGOs, Private sectors, the media, among others.
The State of the World Population Report 2018
The theme of the report is ‘The Power of Choice: Reproductive Rights and the Demographic Transition
Choice Can Change the World.
Choice can rapidly improve the well-being of women and girls, transform families and societies, and fast track global development.
The extent to which couples and individuals have real choices about whether and when to have children, and how many children to have, has a direct impact on the number of births per woman in a country. Where people are able to make choices, they are more likely to choose smaller families but where making a choice is difficult, they more often have large or very small families and sometimes no children at all.
No country can yet claim to have achieved reproductive rights for all as choices are still limited for many women. This means that millions of people are still having more or fewer children than they would like, with serious implications for individuals, communities and national economies
The Power of Choice is about the full realization of reproductive rights for every individual and couple no matter where or how they live or how much they earn.
The State of the Kenya Population Report 2017
The development, publication and launch of the report is part of the implementation of the Population Policy for National Development which is a Medium Term III (2018-2022) flagship project. This is because the structure and dynamics of population in a country have serious implications on its development.
The theme of the report is “The Population factor in Transformative change in Development in Kenya” and it focuses on how the government development strategy of the “Big Four” agenda can enhance the achievement of the goals outlined in the Demographic Dividend roadmap for Kenya.
The Big Four is about
- Raising the share of manufacturing sector to 15 percent of GDP
- Ensuring that all citizens enjoy food security and improved nutrition by 2022
- Achieving universal health coverage
- Developing at least five hundred thousand (500,000) affordable housing units
Key to achieving these agenda is managing the rapid population growth which can magnify development challenges as increase in the number of people results in increased need for jobs, water, food and energy, clothing, housing and infrastructure, health and education.
The desired end result is to raise the quality of life for all people through efforts to eradicate poverty, sustain economic growth and achieve sustainable development.
Highlights of the report include;
- An update on the current status of population and the changes that are expected to take place within the population
- Population factors and how they influence infrastructure requirements and development
- The implications of population factors in the attainment of universal health coverage
- Links between population factors and food security
- The challenge that urban population is growing very fast while the economic growth and development necessary to support it and enhance quality of life are not occurring at the same rate
- Repositioning the population agenda to reap the demographic divided which is a temporary opportunity for economic growth brought about by the huge youth population.
The report explains how the “Big Four Plan” can enhance the prospects that are outlined in the Demographic Dividend roadmap for Kenya.
The main aim is to review the status of how different actors can contribute to making demographic dividend a reality
Both The State of the World Population Report 2018 and The State of the Kenya Population Report 2017 are available online.
For more details contact Wambui Kungu on firstname.lastname@example.org